Adapted from 'The Seaman's Friend...' by R. H. DANA Jr

Dana was the author of ‘Two Years Before the Mast’
[Boston: Thomas Groom & Co., 1851. 6th Edition, Revised and Corrected]
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PAINTER A rope attached to the bows of a boat, used for making her fast.
PALM A piece of leather fitted over the hand, with an iron for the head of a needle to press against in sewing upon canvass. Also, the fluke of an anchor.
PARBUCKLE To hoist or lower a spar or cask by single ropes passed round it.
PARCEL To wind tarred canvass, (called parcelling,) round a rope.
PARLIAMENT-HEEL The situation of a vessel when she is careened.
PARRAL The rope by which a yard is confined to a mast at its centre.
PART To break a rope.
PARTNERS A frame-work of short timber fitted to the hole in a deck, to receive the heel of a mast or pump, &c.
PAZAREE A rope attached to the clew of the foresail and rove through a block on the swinging boom. Used for guying the clews out when before the wind.
PAUNCH MAT A thick mat, placed at the slings of a yard or elsewhere.
PAWL A short bar of iron, which prevents the capstan or windlass from turning back.

To pawl, is to drop a pawl and secure the windlass or capstan.

PAY-OFF When a vessel's head falls off from the wind.

To pay. To cover over with tar or pitch.

To pay out. To slack up on a cable and let it run out.

PEAK The upper outer corner of a gaff-sail.

A stay-peak is when the cable and fore stay form a line.

A short stay-peak is when the cable is too much in to form this line.

PENDANT or PENNANT A long narrow piece of bunting, carried at the mast-head.

Broad pennant, is a square piece, carried in the same way, in a commodore's vessel.

Pennant. A rope to which a purchase is hooked. A long strap fitted at one end to a yard or mast-head, with a hook or block at the other end, for a brace to reeve through, or to hook a tackle to.

PILLOW A block which supports the inner end of the bowsprit.
PIN The axis on which a sheave turns. Also, a short piece of wood or iron to belay ropes to.
PINK-STERN A high, narrow stern.
PINNACE A boat, in size between the launch and a cutter.
PINTLE A metal bolt, used for hanging a rudder.
PITCH A resin taken from pine, and used for filling up the seams of a vessel.
PLANKS Thick, strong boards, used for covering the sides and decks of vessels.
PLAT A braid of foxes. (See FOX.)
PLUG A piece of wood, fitted into a hole in a vessel or boat, so as to let in or keep out water.
POINT To take the end of a rope and work it over with knittles. (See REEF-POINTS.)
POLE Applied to the highest mast of a ship, usually painted; as, sky-sail pole.
POOP A deck raised over the after part of the spar deck. A vessel is pooped when the sea breaks over her stern.
POPPETS Perpendicular pieces of timber fixed to the fore-and-aft part of the bilge-ways in launching.
PORT Used instead of larboard.

To port the helm, is to put it to the larboard.

PORT or PORT-HOLE Holes in the side of a vessel, to point cannon out of. (See BRIDLE.)
PORTOISE The gunwale. The yards are a-portoise when they rest on the gunwale.
PREVENTER An additional rope or spar, used as a support.
PRICE A quantity of spunyarn or rope laid close up together.
PRICKER A small marlinspike, used in sail-making. It generally has a wooden handle.
PUDDENING A quantity of yarns, matting or oakum, used to prevent chafing.
PUMP-BRAKE The handle to the pump.
PURCHASE A mechanical power which increases the force applied.

To purchase, is to raise by a purchase.

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