|PAINTER||A rope attached to the bows of a boat, used for making her fast.|
|PALM||A piece of leather fitted over the hand, with an iron for the head of a needle to press against in sewing upon canvass. Also, the fluke of an anchor.|
|PARBUCKLE||To hoist or lower a spar or cask by single ropes passed round it.|
|PARCEL||To wind tarred canvass, (called parcelling,) round a rope.|
|PARLIAMENT-HEEL||The situation of a vessel when she is careened.|
|PARRAL||The rope by which a yard is confined to a mast at its centre.|
|PART||To break a rope.|
|PARTNERS||A frame-work of short timber fitted to the hole in a deck, to receive the heel of a mast or pump, &c.|
|PAZAREE||A rope attached to the clew of the foresail and rove through a block on the swinging boom. Used for guying the clews out when before the wind.|
|PAUNCH MAT||A thick mat, placed at the slings of a yard or elsewhere.|
|PAWL||A short bar of iron, which prevents the capstan or windlass
from turning back.
To pawl, is to drop a pawl and secure the windlass or capstan.
|PAY-OFF||When a vessel's head falls off from the wind.
To pay. To cover over with tar or pitch.
To pay out. To slack up on a cable and let it run out.
|PEAK||The upper outer corner of a gaff-sail.|
A stay-peak is when the cable and fore stay form a line.
A short stay-peak is when the cable is too much in to form this line.
|PENDANT or PENNANT||A long narrow piece of bunting, carried at the mast-head.
Broad pennant, is a square piece, carried in the same way, in a commodore's vessel.
Pennant. A rope to which a purchase is hooked. A long strap fitted at one end to a yard or mast-head, with a hook or block at the other end, for a brace to reeve through, or to hook a tackle to.
|PILLOW||A block which supports the inner end of the bowsprit.|
|PIN||The axis on which a sheave turns. Also, a short piece of wood or iron to belay ropes to.|
|PINK-STERN||A high, narrow stern.|
|PINNACE||A boat, in size between the launch and a cutter.|
|PINTLE||A metal bolt, used for hanging a rudder.|
|PITCH||A resin taken from pine, and used for filling up the seams of a vessel.|
|PLANKS||Thick, strong boards, used for covering the sides and decks of vessels.|
|PLAT||A braid of foxes. (See FOX.)|
|PLUG||A piece of wood, fitted into a hole in a vessel or boat, so as to let in or keep out water.|
|POINT||To take the end of a rope and work it over with knittles. (See REEF-POINTS.)|
|POLE||Applied to the highest mast of a ship, usually painted; as, sky-sail pole.|
|POOP||A deck raised over the after part of the spar deck. A vessel is pooped when the sea breaks over her stern.|
|POPPETS||Perpendicular pieces of timber fixed to the fore-and-aft part of the bilge-ways in launching.|
|PORT||Used instead of larboard.
To port the helm, is to put it to the larboard.
|PORT or PORT-HOLE||Holes in the side of a vessel, to point cannon out of. (See BRIDLE.)|
|PORTOISE||The gunwale. The yards are a-portoise when they rest on the gunwale.|
|PREVENTER||An additional rope or spar, used as a support.|
|PRICE||A quantity of spunyarn or rope laid close up together.|
|PRICKER||A small marlinspike, used in sail-making. It generally has a wooden handle.|
|PUDDENING||A quantity of yarns, matting or oakum, used to prevent chafing.|
|PUMP-BRAKE||The handle to the pump.|
|PURCHASE||A mechanical power which increases the force applied.
To purchase, is to raise by a purchase.