|HAIL||To speak or call to another vessel, or to men in a different part of a ship.|
|HALYARDS||Ropes or tackles used for hoisting and lowering yards, gaffs, and sails.|
|HALF-HITCH||Kind of knot.|
|HAMMOCK||A piece of canvass, hung at each end, in which seamen sleep.|
|HAND||To hand a sail is to furl it.
Bear-a-hand; make haste.
Hand-over-hand; hauling rapidly on a rope, by putting one hand before the other alternately.
|HAND-LEAD||A small lead, used for sounding in rivers and harbors.|
|HANDSOMELY||Slowly, carefully. Used for an order, as, "Lower handsomely!"|
|HANDSPIKE||A long wooden bar, used for heaving at the windlass.|
|HANDY BILLY||A watch-tackle.|
|HANKS||Rings or hoops of wood, rope, or iron, round a stay, and seized to the luff of a fore-and-aft sail.|
|HARPINGS||The fore part of the wales, which encompass the bows of a vessel, and are fastened to the stem.|
|HARPOON||A spear used for striking whales and other fish.|
|HATCH or HATCHWAY||An opening in the deck to afford a passage up and down. The
coverings over these openings are also called hatches.
Hatch-bar is an iron bar going across the hatches to keep them down.
|HAUL||Haul her wind, said of a vessel when she comes up close upon the wind.|
|HAWSE||The situation of the cables before a vessel's stem, when moored.
Also the distance upon the water a little in advance of the stem;
as, a vessel sails athwart the hawse, or anchors in
the hawse of another.
Open hawse. When a vessel rides by two anchors, without any cross in her cables.
|HAWSE-HOLE||The hole in the bows through which the cable runs.|
|HAWSE-PIECES||Timbers through which the hawse-holes are cut.|
|HAWSE-BLOCK||A block of wood fitted into a hawse-hole at sea.|
|HAWSER||A large rope used for various purposes, as warping, for a spring, &c.|
|HAWSER-LAID or CABLE-LAID||Rope laid with nine strands against the sun|
|HAZE||A term for punishing a man by keeping him unnecessarily at work upon disagreeable or difficult duty.|
|HEAD||The work at the prow of a vessel. If it is a carved figure, it is called a figure-head; if simple carved work, bending over and out, a billet-head; and if bending in, like the head of a violin, a fiddle-head. Also, the upper end of a mast, called a mast-head. (See BY-THE-HEAD. See FAST.)|
|HEAD-LEDGES||Thwartship pieces that frame the hatchways.|
|HEAD-SAILS||A general name given to all sails that set forward of the fore-mast.|
|HEART||A block of wood in the shape of a heart, for stays to reeve through.|
|HEART-YARNS||The centre yarns of a strand.|
|HEAVE SHORT||To heave in on the cable until the vessel is nearly over her anchor.|
|HEAVE-TO||To put a vessel in the position of lying-to. (See LIE-TO.)|
|HEAVE IN STAYS||To go about in tacking.|
|HEAVER||A short wooden bar, tapering at each end. Used as a purchase.|
|HEEL||The after part of the keel. Also, the lower end of a mast or
boom. Also, the lower end of the stern-post.
To heel, is to lie over on one side.
|HEELING||The square part of the lower end of a mast, through which the fid-hole is made.|
|HELM||The machinery by which a vessel is steered, including the rudder, tiller, wheel, &c. Applied more particularly, perhaps, to the tiller.|
|HELM-PORT||The hole in the counter through which the rudder-head passes.|
|HELM-PORT-TRANSOM||A piece of timber placed across the lower counter, inside, at the height of the helm-port, and bolted through every timber, for the security of that port.|
|HIGH AND DRY||The situation of a vessel when she is aground, above water mark.|
|HITCH||A peculiar manner of fastening ropes.|
|HOG||A flat rough broom, used for scrubbing the bottom of a vessel.|
|HOGGED||The state of a vessel when, by any strain, she is made to droop at each end, bringing her centre up.|
|HOLD||The interior of a vessel, where the cargo is stowed.|
|HOLD WATER||To stop the progress of a boat by keeping the oar-blades in the water.|
|HOLY-STONE||A large stone, used for cleaning a ship's decks.|
|HOME||The sheets of a sail are said to be home, when the clews are hauled chock out to the sheave-holes. An anchor comes home when it is loosened from the ground and is hove in toward the vessel.|
|HOOD||A covering for a companion hatch, skylight, &c.|
|HOOD-ENDS or HOODING-ENDS or WHOODEN-ENDS||Those ends of the planks which fit into the rabbets of the stem or stern-post.|
|HOOK-AND-BUTT||The scarfing, or laying the ends of timbers over each other.|
|HORNS||The jaws of booms. Also, the ends of cross-trees.|
|HOUNDS.||Those projections at the mast-head serving as shoulders for the top or trestle-trees to rest upon.|
|HOUSE||To house a mast, is to lower it almost half its length, and secure it by lashing its heel to the mast below.|
|HOUSING or HOUSE-LINE||A small cord made of three small yarns, and used for seizings. (Pronounced houze-lin.)|
|HULL||The body of a vessel. (See A-HULL.)|