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DICTIONARY of SEA TERMS 1841/1851

     Adapted from 'The Seaman's Friend...' by R. H. DANA Jr

Dana was the author of ‘Two Years Before the Mast’
[Boston: Thomas Groom & Co., 1851. 6th Edition, Revised and Corrected]
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GAFF A spar, to which the head of a fore-and-aft sail is bent.
GAFF-TOPSAIL A light sail set over a gaff, the foot being spread by it.
GAGE The depth of water of a vessel. Also, her position as to another vessel, as having the weather or lee gage.
GALLEY The place where teh cooking is done.
GALLOWS-BITTS A strong frame raised amidships, to support spare spars, &c., in port.
GAMMONING The lashing by which the bowsprit is secured to the cut-water.
GANG-CASKS Small casks, used for bring water on board in boats.
GANGWAY That part of a vessel's side, amidships, where people pass in and out of the vessel.
GANTLINE (See GIRTLINE.)
GARBOARD-STRAKE The range of planks next the keel, on each side.
GARLAND A large rope, strap or grommet, lashed to a spar when hoisting it inboard.
GARNET A purchase on the main stay, for hoisting cargo.
GASKETS Ropes or pieces of plated stuff, used to secure a sail to the yard or boom when it is furled. They are called a bunt, quarter, or yard-arm gasket, according to their position on the yard.
GIMBLET Tu turn an anchor round by its stock. To turn anything round on its end.
GIRT The situation of a vessel when her cables are too taut.
GIRTLINE A rope rove through a single block aloft, making a whip purchase. Commonly used to hoist rigging by, in fitting it.
GIVE WAY! An order to men in a boat to pull with fore force, or to begin pulling. The same as, Lay out on your oars! or, Lay out!
GLUT A piece of canvass sewed into the centreof a sail near the head. It has an eyelet-hole in the middle for the bunt-jigger or becket to go through.
GOB-LINE or GAUB-LINE A rope leading from the martingale inboard. The same as back-rope.
GOODGEON (See GUDGEON.)
GOOSE-NECK An iron ring fitted to the end of a yard or boom, for various purposes.
GOOSE-WINGED The situation of a course when the buntlines and lee clew are hauled up, and the weather clew down.
GORES The angles at one or both ends of such cloths as increase the breadth or depth of a sail.
GORING-CLOTHS Pieces cut obliquely and put in to add to the breadth of a sail.
GRAFTING A manner of covering a rope by weaving together yarns.
GRAINS An iron with four or more barbed points to it, used for striking small fish.
GRAPNEL A small anchor with several claws, used to secure boats.
GRAPPLING IRONS Crooked irons, used to seize and hold fast another vessel.
GRATING Open lattice work of wood. Used principally to cover hatches in good weather.
GREAVE To clean a ship's bottom by burning.
GRIPE The outside timber of the fore-foot, under water, fastened to the lower stem-piece. A vessel gripes when she tends to come up into the wind.
GRIPES Bars of iron, with lanyards, rings and clews, by which a large boat is lashed to the ring-bolts of the deck. Those for a quarter-boat are made of long strips of matting, going round her and set taut by a lanyard.
GROMMET A ring formed of rope, by laying round a single strand.
GROUND TACKLE General term for anchors, cables, warps, springs, &c. everything used in securing a vessel at anchor.
GUESS-WARP or GUESS-ROPE A rope fastened to a vessel or wharf, and used to tow a boat by; or to haul it out to the swing-boom-end, when in port.
GUN-TACKLE PURCHASE A purchase made by two single blocks.
GUNWALE The upper rail of a boat or vessel. (Pronounced gun-nel.)
GUY A rope attaching to anything to steady it, and bear it one way and another in hoisting.
GYBE To shift over the ooom of a fore-and-aft sail. (Pronounced jibe.)

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