David LINKLATER Peter WISHART James WISHART George WISHART Peter WISHART John WISHART William WISHART David WISHART Thomas WISHART James Stevens LINKLATER Jannet LINKLATER Barbara Watt LINKLATER Janet IRVINE treeI218.gif

Helen Wylie LINKLATER

16th Apr 1849 - 11th Nov 1911

Life History

16th Apr 1849

Born in Sandwick, Orkney

23rd Dec 1869

Married Peter WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

Info from Brian Chalmers OFHS

1871

Birth of son James WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1873

Birth of son George WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1875

Birth of son Peter WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1877

Birth of son John WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1881

Birth of son William WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1884

Birth of son David WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

about 1890

Birth of son Thomas WISHART in Sandwick, Orkney

11th Nov 1911

Died

The 1851 census records a Helen Linklater, aged 2, in David and Janet's household at ‘East Aith’. The clue as to what became of her is contained in the 1901 census which recorded that Aith Post Office [ED 3/16] was occupied by Janet Linklater, head, widow, 75, “Post Mistress” (W) and David Wishart, Grandson, 17, “Post Runner” (W).

Helen, aged 12, is recorded as a member of David and Janet's household in the 1861 census but not in the 1871 census. The latter does however contain a Helen aged 22 living at Howaback [ED 2/46] and married to one Peter Wishart, 33, “farmer of 90 acres of which 50 are arable.” They had not been married long as they are recorded as having one child, James, then aged 3 weeks.

I imagine David and Janet must have been pleased with the match. While not being the largest farm in Sandwick it was twice as big as the average which was about 45 acres. The Sandwick census for 1871 records some 129 individuals as ‘farmers’, but some of these ‘farmed’ tiny acreages. The smallest noted is 3 acres; over twenty ‘farms’ are recorded as being under 10 acres – this in spite of the fact that Orkney’s short but explosive agrarian revolution was in full swing, starting around 1848 and being complete by about 1880. [Berry: Orkney’s People] In contrast there were eight farms over 100 acres, the largest being 680 acres. Howaback, where Helen and Peter Wishart lived, is just within the Sandwick parish boundary at the far northern end of the Loch of Harray. [O.S. HY 294 196]

George Wishart of Howaback died 1863 aged 80 (St.Peters 1J83); Peter Wishart in Howaback died 19 Oct 1898 aged 61, son of George Wishart died 1 Dec 1863 aged 80 and Catherine Hourston died 1879 aged 68, and his wife Helen W Linklater died 11 Nov 1911 aged 62.

Subsequent censuses show the Wisharts apparently prospering. In 1881 Peter 43, and ‘Ellen’ 32, have 5 children; James, 10; George, 8; Peter, 6; John, 4; and William 0 (8 months). Ten years later Peter and ‘Ellen’ and their previous brood have all aged ten years with the addition of David aged 7, and Thomas A, aged 1. This David is the lad who disappears from Howaback [ED 2/72] in 1901 to become a ‘post runner’ living with his minnie at Aith Post Office. Meanwhile, back at the ranch, in 1901 Peter has vanished presumed dead, ‘Ellen’ has reverted to being Hellen, and is described as “head, widow, 52, Farmer (E)” and living with James, son, married, 30; Jane J, daughter in law, married, 32; John H, son, 24, house carpenter (W); William H, son, 20, mason (W); Thomas H, son, 11, scholar. 1911 records for Howaback [ED 2/65] Ellen as head, widow, 62, ‘retired farmer’ living with John H son, single, 34, “real Estate Agent, Own Account”, and Thomas A, son, single, 21, “Ironmongers Assistant, worker.” At another ‘Howaback’ property  [ED 2/66] live Helen's son James Wishart, head, married 40, “farmer, employer” with ‘Jeannie’, the Jane J of the 1901 census, wife, 42, (Mar: 10y, 4, 3) which signifies she has been married 10 years had 4 children of whom 3 were surviving at the time of the census. They were; Ella, 9; Jane Jemima, 6; and Mary Lily, 3. James and Jane J must have married in 1901.

[D.o.b. info from Brian Chalmers OFHS]